SERBIA - National review, No 79
SERBIA - National review, No 81


PROLOGUE

There was no break or two waves. Only one, still inconceivable. Even today, we don’t really know more about the virus and the pandemic than we did in the beginning. Either what behind this is, who manages it, what the ultimate goals and consequences are. Even deaths are unreliable. Pre-election posters on the lampposts were abruptly replaced by obituaries. The highest number of victims is among those who believed the most in the announced May victory. Victories are still coming, but we look more and more as if we are being eaten inside by some unknown tapeworm. We desperately need therapy with meaning and light. That is why we have a new issue of National Review in front of us. <

GALLERY
Lelić, Monastery, 20th century (Photo: Aleksandar Ćosić)
Ram Fortress and view of the Danube (Photo: Bane Velimirović)
Kur-salon, Banja Kovilјača (Photo: Archive of NR)
Banjaluka, Trg srpskih vladara (Photo: Zoran Pejašinović)
Svetlana Zaharova (Photo: From the book Medallions of Russia by Violeta Rašković Talović)
The Little Russian at the Liturgy (Photo: From the book Medallions of Russia by Violeta Rašković Talović)
Despot Stefan među ugarskom gospodom pod plaštom Bogorodice, XV vek
Main Stage of ”Toša Jovanović” Theater, Zrenjanin (Photo: Miodrag Grubački)
Kur-salon in Banja Kovilјača, the interior (Photo: Archive of the Special Hospital ”Banja Kovilјača”)

 

 

 

 

 

 

 


 


CONTENTS 

Prologue
SHOULD WE BELIEVE OUR EYES?
Mistrust

Vitrage
NUMBERS, EVENTS, INTERESTING THINGS

Album
IN SEARCH OF THE SLAVIC EMPIRE
Medallions of Russia

Ointments
ABOUT SERBIAN SPA RESORTS, JAM-PACKED THIS SUMMER
Healing for All Times
We have never forgotten or abandoned them, in good times, and especially not in times of health troubles. But the epidemic and the ban on traveling abroad forced us, this year, to get to know the values of Serbian spas in another way. As a reminder and proposal, we have singled out, for this occasion, ten of them from all parts of Serbia. Our source was the monograph ”Serbia under the Sun”, the capital edition of ”Princip Press”, from which we share the chapter on Serbian spas

Guide
IN THE RECONSTRUCTED RAM FORTRESS, ABOVE THE DANUBE AND CENTURIES
Legends Steadier than Stone
There, at the tripoint of Pannonia, Carpathian and Balkan mountains, Celts, ancient Serbs, Romans, Byzantines… made their fortifications. The last in the series were Ottomans under Bayezid II in 1483. At all times, there was a shrine within the walls, and ships and ferries docked below them. Caravanserais and openings for cannons go without saying. After its recent reconstruction, supported by the Turkish Cooperation and Coordination Agency and the Serbian state, this fortress has again become an inevitable spot on the Danube between Smederevo and Golubac

Text and Photo: Ivana Stojanović Šešlak and NR Press

Pilgrimages
IN LELIĆ MONASTERY, NEAR VALJEVO, ENDOWMENT OF SAINT NICOLAS OF SERBIA
Where Faith Is Alive
Maybe in this world there is not a single village that has two large monasteries, two saints, three bishops. And Lelić has all that. The sanctuary on the plateau called Velimirovića Luka is the endowment of Bishop Nicholas and his father Dragomir. It was consecrated in 1929, and until 1996 it was a parish church, then the Kaone Metochion, and since 2001 an independent monastery. Since 1991, the relics of the holy bishop Nicolas of Serbia have rested in his endowment

By: Bojana Nikolić

Stage
”TOŠA JOVANOVIĆ” THEATER IN ZRENJANIN, THE OLDEST IN SERBIA, OBSERVED ITS 180TH ANNIVERSARY LAST YEAR
Theater Made of Love
Really. In order to receive consent from an actress dear to his heart to move to his city from Pest, an unnamed merchant from Bečkerek turned his grain warehouse into a baroque theater in 1839. According to chronicle writers, the theatrical life in Zrenjanin has been lasting ever since. In 1946, it became professional theater ”Toša Jovanović”, named after the Serbian acting legend. One of the stages was named after Todor Manojlović, also famous man from Zrenjanin. Today, you can still watch valuable theatrical plays from 56 boxes and 305 seats

Text and Photo: Miodrag Grubački

Perseverance
IN RUMA, DESPITE THE CIRCUMSTANCES, CULTURE AND SPIRITUALITY WITHOUT DISTANCE
Liveliness with Protection
With the use of modern technologies, the tenth ”Days of Slavic Literacy and Culture” will be held in September. The Ruman Literary Colony will also take place. The Festival of One Minute Film ”Mr. Vorky” has already taken place and has attracted significant attention. All cultural institutions adapted their work to the conditions during the pandemic, but they did not give up their mission

By: Mile Vajagić

Fate and Comments
APPROACHING THE 493rd ANNIVERSARY OF THE DEATH OF THE UNUSUAL SERBIAN KING JOVAN NENAD THE BLACK
Upright among the Ruins
Vladimir Ćorović calls him the most mysterious person of the Serbian past. No one knew for certain his origins and plans. ”He had something of a people’s soldier, something of a bandit adventurer, something of a conservative revolutionary.” He rose when everyone else fell, went to the battlefield when everyone else ran away. He defended the European homeland from both Turks and unworthy Europeans. He presented himself as a descendant of Serbian despots and Byzantine emperors. He founded Subotica as his capital. Today, his monument on the central square is one of the symbols of that city

By: Jovo Bajić

Lighthouses
KOSTA STOJANOVIĆ (1867–1921), FOUNDER OF MATHEMATICAL ECONOMICS AND PREDECESSOR OF CYBERNETICS IN SERBIA
Foundation of Honor and Knowledge
He studied with Mika Alas, continued his studies in Paris and Leipzig, and was succeeded at the Belgrade University by Milutin Milanković. He introduced the concept of entropy in economic analyses. He believed that social phenomena could be managed by thermodynamics and elaborated it in his study ”Interpretation of Physical and Social Phenomena”. He was minister in several Serbian governments and had a significant contribution in the restoration of economy. He sharply opposed corrupted political power players and harmful leaders. Thus, this man from Aleksinac is a role model for both his and our time

By: Gordana Simeunović

Alphabet Book
THE REPUBLIC OF SRPSKA ENCYCLOPEDIA, MONUMENTAL CULTURAL ENDEAVOR
Foundations of Serbian Identity
All institutions of Srpska, led by the Academy of Sciences and Arts, stood behind this project. Hundreds of professional associates gathered in 28 editorials, for 38 academic fields. There will be six volumes in total, with about 13.500 entries. The first two, published up to now, include 3.247 entries, 890 photos, 460 maps. The project confirms the maturity of the people and institutions in Srpska, the awareness about the importance of the great cultural and historical heritage, as well as belonging to the entirety of the Serbian and European culture

By: Sandra Miletić

Old Masters
RANKO JOVOVIĆ, REBELLIOUS LYRICIST, ”THE LAST TEAR OF MARKO MILJANOV”
Aristocrat in an Age of Ungraciousness
He used books to build a fortress of language and lyrical flame, he created ethics from righteous rebellion and voluntary exile. He belonged to the brotherhood preferred by the divinity of poetry, not by the regime. He too was sentenced to closely watch the violent deserbianization of Montenegro, the delusional ”investigation of ancestors”, which only strengthened his opinion that shame is harder than death. He was proud of Belgrade, just like all genuine Bjelopavlići and Montenegrin Serbs. The grand processions in resurrected Montenegro were the dreamed funeral of his Serbian dust

By: Dragan Lakićević

Arena
BOŽIDAR MALJKOVIĆ, FAMOUS BASKETBALL COACH, NOW PRESIDENT OF THE OLYMPIC COMMITTEE OF SERBIA
Sport Is always Worth the Effort
He was on top of Europe four times with three clubs, and worked in six countries. Born in Lika, grew up in Kraljevo, matured as coach in Belgrade, led the Old Continent’s greatest clubs. As president of the Olympic Committee of Serbia, he confronted the same great challenges which the Serbian nation, as well as Serbian sports, has been going through. Recovery is possible, of course, but it must begin from the bottom. Our allies are honesty, patience, great efforts, knowledge and visionary boldness

By: Dejan Bulajić

Health
IS THERE A SAFE HOLIDAY IN THE SUMMER OF 2020?
Traveling Is Part of Therapy
Can we, due to the fear of infection, break a habit of summer vacations? Of course we can, but we don't have to. At the Special Hospital ”Merkur”, in Vrnjačka Banja, they remind that rest and travel are very useful for the health and general condition of the body, as well as for the much-needed building of immunity. Of course, with all precautions, compliance with the measures and advice of experts. ”Merkur” has people trained to lead guests safely through this situation

Seed
CENTER OF EXCEPTIONAL VALUES FOR LEGUMES OF THE NOVI SAD INSTITUTE OF FIELD AND VEGETABLE CROPS
European Protein Strategy
These plants are the basic source of proteins of plant origin, oils and cellulose fibers for food for human and domestic animals. Legumes are also a biological source of nitrogen. In Europe, which is dependent on the import of vegetable protein, this has become especially important. In Serbia, legumes are grown on over 400,000 hectares. Legume seeds are exported to 24 countries, on three continents. Serbian science is also at the top of the world in this area

 


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